Potatoes have become the most popular vegetable in every home kitchen actually, in the world. No meal is considered to be complete unless you include a delicious spud dish. Baked, boiled, or mashed it is always delightful to have.
There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes available in the United States but each of them is classified into three different categories: starchy, waxy, and all-purposes. These groupings are based on their texture, starch content, and moisture. Starchy are perfect for french fries while Waxing is best used for roasting and boiling and all-purpose potato can be used as substitutes for both of them.
Below we have discussed 13 types of Potatoes with their favorite recipes.
Russets are the most liked and highly demanded potatoes placed into the starchy category. These are neutral in flavor but high in starch. Generally, Russets are large with thick brown skin but their dry flesh gives a spongy and mealy texture once it is cooked.
Their starchy qualities and low water content make them particularly good for baking and frying. Especially best for chips and Scalloped Potatoes. Plus, works great for recipes requiring crispy on the outside and fluffy soft inside like French fries.
Here is the recipe for homemade French fry from Russets.
- Slice the potatoes and soak them in cold water for at least an hour.
- Rinse them with cold water and let them dry completely.
- Heat oil to 400 degrees and fry them for 6-7 minutes. (place about six slices at a time, overcrowding too many at a time makes them less or no crispy)
- Place them in a paper towel to absorb the oil contained.
Yellow potatoes are waxy side of group which means they keep their shape well when cooked. As their name suggests, these have light tan skin with yellow to golden flesh but size ranges from tiny-sized to large and round or oblong in shape.
Yellow spud will be ideal to cook alongside the vegetables and meat. In fact, it makes the perfect choice for gravy as it can cope with long cooking times without turning to mush.
Their naturally smooth and buttery flavor makes them delicious dishes when baked, mashed, and grilled. You can try this easy grilled potatoes recipe.
- Poke the Yellow potatoes and place them in a microwave for five minutes.
- Slice each, again microwave for two minutes.
- Brush the slice with olive oil and grill until it gets crispy.
Red potatoes are usually smaller to medium in size with smooth reddish skin and waxy white or pink flesh. Like other waxy types, these are also high in moisture and retain shape during the cooking process.
They are slightly sweet in flavor and possess medium sugar content. This makes them perfect for roasting, boiling, or even cooking with soup. Red is also delicious with pan frying and salads. its vivid red skin adds color and texture to salads.
Moreover, these are great when roasted in the oven. Below is the recipe for roasted red potatoes.
- Cut potatoes into halves.
- Toss them in a mixture of dried herbs, garlic, parmesan cheese, and seasonings. Add some olive oil.
- Roast them placing in a single layer on a sheet pan.
- Roast them for 40 minutes or until they get golden or brown.
- Drop some fresh parsley on the roast and serve.
White potato is one of the most popular varieties since it falls into all-purpose types. It has slightly creamy flesh and delicate thin skin which does not need to be peeled before mashing. Its thin skins add just the right amount of texture to mashed potatoes.
Because it is considered all-purpose, it can be used for most potato recipes. These are best in Ceaser, baked casseroles, sauteed vegetables, and salads. Also, use them in soups or gravy as they hold their shape well.
5. Yukon Gold
Yukon gold is medium to large-sized potatoes that have rough golden tan skin. It is an all-purpose section with buttery flesh that perfectly matches its golden skin.
Yukon is a versatile spud that tastes as good as it looks. This makes Yukon a popular option not only for home kitchens but also for restaurants and commercial kitchens. It is used in a variety of dishes like potato dauphinoise. Their creamy texture is an ideal fit for mashing, baking and even roasting.
6. Purple Majesty
The royal-looking purple majesty has deep purple skin and flesh. People often praised Majesty for their rich flavor when mashed, baked, or roasted. Also, works well when tossed into potato soups and curries.
These attractive potatoes not only provide artistic flair to the dish but also add some valuable nutrients to your meal. Their rich purple color is due to the presence of anthocyanins which bring a high level of health-boosting antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.
7. German Butterball
The German butter ball is a yellow variety potato that falls into the all-purpose section. Its thin skin with flaky texture makes it different from other yellow varieties like Yukon and Gold.
Despite their waxy flesh and low starch content, these ground spuds are surprisingly great in creamy mash. German is often used as baking potatoes however can also be fried or roasted. Apart from this, they are incredibly good when cooked perfectly and combined with a little butter and milk. Also, try roasting them whole stuffing with cheese, bacon, and sour cream. You will get delightful results.
Fingerlings are small in size but look oblong in terms of shape which is also the reason for their name "fingerling". Similar to the purple majesty, it also contributes some color to your dish as it is available in various colors including purple, orange, white, yellow, and red. But these potatoes fall in the waxy category in a group.
Although fingerlings are buttery like a yellow spud, they taste nutty and earthy like a purple majesty. These taste great in garlic butter potatoes and are even delicious when roasted or fried in a pan.
9. French Fingerlings
French fingerlings might look small but their taste is mighty and extremely delightful. Their sweet and nutty flavor is loved by everyone. French are longer than most other fingerling varieties and have an oblong, finger-like shape. But are smaller, colorful, and have a firmer texture than regular potatoes.
French can be used in a variety of dishes. They are often cooked differently due to their waxy texture and small size. Try roasting them with a strong flavor of rosemary and garlic for their delightful result. Their unique buttery flavor enhances the taste of the mash, making each dish satisfying and delightful.
10. Japanese Sweet Potatoes
Japanese sweet potatoes, also known as satsumaimo, originated in Central and South America, but are commonly connected with Japanese dishes. These are starchy root vegetables with red-purple skin and yellowish-white flesh.
These yam-looking purple-skinned tubers belong to the potato family and starchy section. Their pale yellow flesh is often more sweet than other sweet potato varieties. Also, their slightly nutty flavor works best with all sorts of dishes especially delicious with savory dishes.
Japanese sweets are a little drier compared to other varieties. These are wonderful when grilled, fried, or roasted whole. Their lighter texture and sweet subtle flavor make them enjoyable street food when roasted.
11. Maris Piper
Maris piper is another waxy potato that is widely popular and grown in the United Kingdom. These are small to large-sized spud having oval to oblong shapes. Plus, they have golden skin and yellow to creamy flesh with a fluffy texture. This makes them incredibly versatile and all-rounder, best for making chips and French fries.
The high amount of dry matter contained in Maris makes it ideal for chipping, frying, and roasting. Also perfect for those who want chips to be crunchy outside and fluffy inside. In addition, These spuds can be combined with meat and simple seasonings such as salt and pepper or paired in savory dishes like potato and egg. Moreover, Maris is high in nutrients and vitamins including potassium, fiber, and vitamin C.
Kennebec is an American-bred potato that belongs to white potato varieties. In terms of size, they are medium to large but have an oval, elliptical, oblong shape. The tuber has thin skin with a slightly rough texture and creamy flesh.
Kennebecs are known for their high starch and sugar content. Starch permits the flesh to absorb cooking oil and the sugar content provides the dish with a sweeter taste. Along with this, the sweetness adds great flavor when roasted and stewed.
Besides that, the variety can also be used with creamy and sharp cheese like pepper jack, cheddar, and Swiss. Also paired well with caramelized onions, and aromatics including garlic and shallots.
Sebago potatoes are a considerable all-purpose potato mostly popular in Australia and the southern United States. They are oval-shaped tubers with light brown skin and white flesh. Although Sebago seems ordinary in appearance, it is versatile and contains a unique flavor. And this distinct character makes it an all-rounder spuds.
Whether roasted or mashed with butter and cream, it is always delicious. Not only this, it can be baked, boiled, grilled, or added to a casserole. Sebago is a superb choice if you are thinking of making fishcake. Its nice flavor and high starch content provide the perfect texture to your cake.